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Journal of Materials
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 716452, 9 pages
Research Article

Absorption and Radiation Transitions in Configuration of Mn-Doped ZnS Nanoparticles Synthesized by a Hydrothermal Method

1Hanoi University of Science, Vietnam National University, Vietnam
2Hanoi National University of Education, Vietnam
3University of Engineering and Technology, Vietnam National University, Vietnam

Received 1 January 2013; Revised 18 March 2013; Accepted 22 March 2013

Academic Editor: Maurizio Ferrari

Copyright © 2013 Bui Hong Van et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The Mn-doped ZnS nanoparticles with Mn content of 0–15 mol% were synthesized by a hydrothermal method from the solutions Zn(CH3COO)2 0.1 M, Mn(CH3COO)2 0.01 M, and Na2S2O3 0.1 M at 220°C for 15 h. These nanoparticles presented the cubic structure with average particle size about 16 nm. The yellow-orange photoluminescence (PL) band at 586 nm was attributed to the radiation transition of the electrons in 3d5 unfilled shell of Mn2+ ions [4T1(4G)-6A1(6S)] in ZnS matrix. The photoluminescence excitation (PLE) spectra monitored at the yellow-orange band, the absorption spectra also showed the near band edge absorption of 336–349 nm and the characteristic absorption bands of Mn2+(3d5) ions at 392, 430, 463, 468, 492, and 530 nm. These bands should be attributed to the absorption transitions of 3d5 electrons from the ground state 6A1(6S) to the excited states 4E(4D), 4T2(4D), 4A1(4G)-4E(4G), 4T2(4G), and 4T1(4G) of Mn2+ ions. The intensity of PL band and absorption bands of Mn2+(3d5) ions also increased with the Mn content from 0.1 to 9 mol%, but their peak positions were almost unchanged. The PLE spectra showed clearly the energy level splitting of Mn2+ ions in ZnS crystal field and allowed for the calculation of the splitting width between the excited states 4A1(4G), 4E(4G) about of 229 cm−1 (28.6 meV), and the Racah parameters  cm−1,  cm−1, and the crystal field strength  cm−1. The PL spectra with different excitation wavelengths corresponding to absorption transition bands of the PLE spectra allow for the discussion of the indirect and direct excitation mechanisms of Mn2+(3d5) ions in the ZnS crystal.