Table of Contents
Journal of Materials
Volume 2014, Article ID 451587, 13 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/451587
Research Article

Experimental Investigation of the Phase Equilibria in the Al-Mn-Zn System at 400°C

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Concordia University, 1455 de Maisonneuve Boulevard West, Montreal, QC, Canada H3G 1M8

Received 5 April 2014; Accepted 16 June 2014; Published 17 July 2014

Academic Editor: Alok Singh

Copyright © 2014 Tian Wang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. G. S. Cole and A. M. Sherman, “Light weight materials for automotive applications,” Materials Characterization, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 3–9, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. S. W. Nam and B. O. Kong, “Development of weldable high strength alalloy,” KOSEF Technical Report, 1993. View at Google Scholar
  3. H. S. Cho and S. W. Nam, “A study of the low cycle fatigue properties of weldable Al-Zn-Mg-Mn Alloy and Al 7039 in various environments,” Journal of Korean Institute of Metals and Materials, vol. 32, no. 7, pp. 765–770, 1994. View at Google Scholar
  4. M. Ohno, D. Mirkovic, and R. Schmid-Fetzer, “Liquidus and solidus temperatures of Mg-rich Mg-Al-Mn-Zn alloys,” Acta Materialia, vol. 54, no. 15, pp. 3883–3891, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. N. Gao, Y. H. Liu, and N.-Y. Tang, “An experimental study of the liquid domain of the Zn-Fe-Al-Mn quaternary system at 460°C,” Journal of Phase Equilibria and Diffusion, vol. 31, no. 6, pp. 523–531, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. M. A. Khan and M. Medraj, “Thermodynamic description of the Mg-Mn, Al-Mn and Mg-Al-Mn systems using the modified quasichemical model for the liquid phases,” Materials Transactions, vol. 50, no. 5, pp. 1113–1122, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. C. Müller, H. Stadelmaier, B. Reinsch, and G. Petzow, “Metallurgy of the magnetic τ-phase in Mn-Al and Mn-Al-C,” Zeitschrift fuer Metallkunde, vol. 87, no. 7, pp. 594–597, 1996. View at Google Scholar
  8. A. Shukla and A. D. Pelton, “Thermodynamic assessment of the Al-Mn and Mg-Al-Mn systems,” Journal of Phase Equilibria and Diffusion, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 28–39, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. H. Kono, “On the ferromagnetic phase in manganese-aluminum system,” Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, vol. 13, no. 12, pp. 1444–1451, 1958. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. W. Koster and E. Wachtel, “Constitution and magnetic properties of aluminum-manganese alloys with more than 5 At. % Mn,” Zeitschrift fuer Metallkunde, vol. 51, pp. 271–280, 1960. View at Google Scholar
  11. Y. Minamino, T. Yamane, H. Araki et al., “Solid solubilities of manganese and titanium in aluminum at 0.1 MPa and 2.1 GPa,” Metallurgical Transactions A, vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 783–786, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. H. Okamoto, “Al-Mn (Aluminum-Manganese),” Journal of Phase Equilibria, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 398–399, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  13. M. A. Taylor, “Intermetallig phases in the aluminiummanganese binary system,” Acta Metallurgica, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 256–262, 1960. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. S. Wasiur-Rahman and M. Medraj, “A thermodynamic description of the Al-Ca-Zn ternary system,” Calphad, vol. 33, no. 3, pp. 584–598, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. H. Okamoto and L. E. Tanner, “The Mn-Zn (Manganese-Zinc) system,” Bulletin of Alloy Phase Diagrams, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 377–384, 1990. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. S. Tezuka, S. Sakai, and Y. Nakagawa, “Ferromagnetism of Mn-Zn alloy,” Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, vol. 15, no. 5, p. 931, 1960. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. Y. Nakagawa and T. Hori, “Magnetic transition and crystal distortion in MnHg and MnZn3,” Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, vol. 17, no. 8, pp. 1313–1314, 1962. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. B. Henderson and R. J. M. Willcox, “Lattice spacing relationships in hexagonal close-packed Silver-Zinc-Manganese alloys,” Philosophical Magazine, vol. 9, no. 101, pp. 829–846, 1964. View at Google Scholar
  19. R. A. Farrar and H. W. King, “Axial ratios and solubility limits of H.C.P. η and ε phases in the systems CdMn and ZnMn,” Metallography, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 61–70, 1970. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. J. L. Liang, Y. Du, C. Z. Liao et al., “Experimental investigation on the phase equilibria of the Mn-Ni-Zn system at 400°C,” Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol. 489, no. 2, pp. 362–368, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. J. L. Liang, Y. Du, Q. Z. Zhao et al., “Determination of the phase equilibria in the Mn-Sn-Zn system at 500° C,” Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science, vol. 40, no. 12, pp. 2909–2918, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. H. Xu, X. Xiong, L. Zhang, Y. Du, and P. Wang, “Phase equilibria of the Mn-Si-Zn system at 600°C,” Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science, vol. 40, no. 9, pp. 2042–2047, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. E. Gebhardt, “Die zinkecke des dreistoffsystems zink-aluminium-mangan,” Zeitschrift für Metallkunde, vol. 34, pp. 259–263, 1942. View at Google Scholar
  24. G. V. Raynor and D. W. Wakeman, “The intermetallic compound phases of the system Aluminium-Manganese-Zinc,” Proceedings of the Royal Society of London A: Mathematical and Physical Sciences, vol. 190, no. 1020, pp. 82–101, 1947. View at Google Scholar
  25. K. Robinson, “The determination of the crystal structure of Ni4Mn11Al60,” Acta Crystallographica, vol. 7, part 6-7, pp. 494–497, 1954. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  26. A. Damjanovic, “The structure analysis of the T3 (A1MnZn) compound,” Acta Crystallographica, vol. 14, pp. 982–987, 1961. View at Google Scholar
  27. R. J. Schaefer, L. A. Bendersky, D. Shechtman, W. J. Boettinger, and F. S. Biancaniello, “Icosahedral and decagonal phase formation in Al-Mn Alloys,” Metallurgical transactions A, vol. 17, no. 12, pp. 2117–2125, 1986. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. A. Singh, S. Ranganathan, and L. A. Bendersky, “Quasicrystalline phases and their approximants in Al-Mn-Zn alloys,” Acta Materialia, vol. 45, no. 12, pp. 5327–5336, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. J. S. Kirkaldy and L. C. Brown, “Diffusion behavior in the ternary, multiphase systems,” Canadian Metallurgical Quarterly, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 90–115, 1963. View at Google Scholar
  30. J. B. Clark, “Conventions for plotting the diffusion paths in multiphase ternary diffusion couples on the isothermal section of a ternary phase diagram,” Transactions of the Metallurgical Society of AIME, vol. 227, pp. 1250–1251, 1963. View at Google Scholar
  31. A. A. Kodentsov, G. F. Bastin, and F. J. J. van Loo, “The diffusion couple technique in phase diagram determination,” Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol. 320, no. 2, pp. 207–217, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. M. A. Khan, Thermodynamic modeling of the Mg–Mn–(Al, Zn) systems [M.S. thesis], Concordia University, 2009.
  33. PANalytical, Ver2.2b (2.2.2), PANalytical, Almelo, The Netherlands, 2006.
  34. H. Putz and K. Brandenburg, Pearson's Crystal Data, Crystal Structure Database for Inorganic Compounds, CD-ROM Software Version 1.3.
  35. P. Ghosh and M. Medraj, “Thermodynamic calculation of the Mg-Mn-Zn and Mg-Mn-Ce systems and re-optimization of their constitutive binaries,” Calphad: Computer Coupling of Phase Diagrams and Thermochemistry, vol. 41, pp. 89–107, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. A. Prince, Alloy Phase Equilibria, Elsevier, Amsterdam, The Netherland, 1966.
  37. L. Y. H. John, “Schreinemakers rule as applied to non-degenerate ternary systems,” The Journal of Young Investigators, vol. 19, no. 11, 2009. View at Google Scholar