Table of Contents
Journal of Materials
Volume 2016, Article ID 3439827, 7 pages
Research Article

Synthesis and Study of CdS Thin Films Prepared with Different KMnO4 Activation Time

1PG and Research Department of Physics, The Madura College, Madurai, Tamil Nadu 625011, India
2Department of Solar Energy, Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai, Tamil Nadu 625021, India
3Department of Physics, Kongunadu Arts and Science College, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu 641029, India
4Department of Physics, Providence College for Women, Coonoor, Tamil Nadu 643104, India

Received 3 February 2016; Revised 8 June 2016; Accepted 17 July 2016

Academic Editor: Zainuriah Hassan

Copyright © 2016 Sarveswaran Thangarajan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The growth and properties of cadmium sulfide (CdS) thin films were prepared in a controlled manner using chemical bath deposition (CBD) method for different KMnO4 activation time such as 5 min, 10 min, 15 min, 20 min, 25 min, and 30 min on glass substrates. CdS thin films are deposited on KMnO4 activated glass substrates at 85°C with pH value of 10 for 30 min deposition time. In the chemical bath deposition (CBD) technique, KMnO4 activation time plays an important role in the growth of the CdS film. The structure of the CdS film changes with respect to the rate of deposition. The size of the particles is affected by the nucleation rate if the solution does not contain the constant number of Cd2+ and S2− ions throughout the deposition process. This change in structure of CdS is confirmed by the XRD, SEM, and AFM analysis, and the ion-by-ion nucleation growth is also examined. The optical property of the prepared CdS thin film is scrutinized using UV-Vis-NIR absorption analysis.