Table of Contents
Journal of Medical Engineering
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 363508, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/363508
Research Article

GPS and GPRS Based Telemonitoring System for Emergency Patient Transportation

1Department of Biomedical Engineering, Osmania University, Hyderabad 500 007, India
2Research and Training Unit for Navigational Electronics, Osmania University, Hyderabad 500 007, India
3Department of ECE, Vasavi College of Engineering, Hyderabad 500 031, India

Received 17 August 2012; Revised 19 November 2012; Accepted 19 November 2012

Academic Editor: Michel Labrosse

Copyright © 2013 K. Satyanarayana et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Telemonitoring during the golden hour of patient transportation helps to improve medical care. Presently there are different physiological data acquisition and transmission systems using cellular network and radio communication links. Location monitoring systems and video transmission systems are also commercially available. The emergency patient transportation systems uniquely require transmission of data pertaining to the patient, vehicle, time of the call, physiological signals (like ECG, blood pressure, a body temperature, and blood oxygen saturation), location information, a snap shot of the patient, and voice. These requirements are presently met by using separate communication systems for voice, physiological data, and location that result in a lot of inconvenience to the technicians, maintenance related issues, in addition to being expensive. This paper presents design, development, and implementation of such a telemonitoring system for emergency patient transportation employing ARM 9 processor module. This system is found to be very useful for the emergency patient transportation being undertaken by organizations like the Emergency Management Research Institute (EMRI).