Table of Contents
Journal of Mycology
Volume 2014, Article ID 241806, 15 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/241806
Research Article

Availability of Wild Edible Fungi in La Malinche National Park, Mexico

1Laboratorio de Biodiversidad, Centro de Investigaciones en Ciencias Biológicas, Universidad Autónoma de Tlaxcala, Km 10.5 Autopista San Martín Texmelucan-Tlaxcala, 90120 Ixtacuixtla, TLAX, Mexico
2Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Circuito Exterior s/n, Ciudad Universitaria, 04510 México, DF, Mexico
3Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Forestales, Agrícolas y Pecuarias (INIFAP)/Centro Nacional de Investigación Disciplinaria en Conservación y Mejoramiento de Ecosistemas Forestales, Avenida Progreso No. 5, Colonia Barrio de Santa Catarina, 04010 Coyoacán, DF, Mexico
4P.O. Box 57, Roosevelt, NJ 08555-0057, USA
5New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, NY, USA

Received 30 September 2013; Revised 22 December 2013; Accepted 28 December 2013; Published 5 March 2014

Academic Editor: Clemencia Chaves-Lopez

Copyright © 2014 A. Montoya et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to compare edible mushroom availability between the two slopes of La Malinche National Park in central México, and to discuss the possible relation between their availability and traditional use. Eight transects were set up. Samples were collected weekly during the rainy seasons of years 1998–2000. Sixty-one edible mushroom species were collected from a total area of 3200 m2 (0.32 ha). Over the three-year period, the diversity of mushrooms ranged from 21 to 28 taxa per transect line. Sporocarps were produced at a rate from 2.06 to 6.05 kg/401.51 m2. The highest species richness and production values for spatio-temporal frequency were obtained in Southeast slope. Edible mushrooms availability in the Southeast slope showed a strong dominance, driven mainly by Laccaria trichodermophora and Hebeloma mesophaeum. The Southwest slope had more diversified availability in time and space, with the most representative species, being L. trichodermophora. The characteristics of traditional management on each slope determined the differences found.