Journal of Mycology / 2014 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Epidemiology and Virulence Determinants including Biofilm Profile of Candida Infections in an ICU in a Tertiary Hospital in India

Table 1

Analysis of potential risk factors found for Candida infection in ICU patients.

Continuous variables
(mean ± SD)
Controlsa
( , 56%)
Candidemia
( , 8.7%)
valueCandidiasis/colonization
( , 36%)
value

Age (years) 0.85 0.75
Length of hospital stay (days) 0.66 0.99

Categorical variables
(number)
Controlsa
(%)
Candidemia
(%)
valueCandidiasis/colonization
(%)
value

Surgery (73)42 (60%)6 (60%)127 (67.5%)1
Trauma (28)18 (11.4%)2 (20%)0.699 (20%)0.63
Pneumonia (17)08 (11.4%)3 (30%)0.29 (20%)0.32
Neurological (12)08 (11.4%)0 (0)NA4 (8.9%)0.90
Malignancy (9)5 (7.14%)1 (10%)0.54 (8.9%)0.73
TB (10)3 (4.28%)0 (0)NA5 (11.1%)0.25
Renal failure (3)0 (0)0 (0)NA3 (6.67%)NA
Heart disease (2)1 (1.42%)0 (0)NA1 (2.2%)1
Anemia (1)1 (1.42%)0 (0)NA0 (0)NA
Burns (1)1 (1.42%)0 (0)NA0 (0)NA
Peritonitis (23)09 (12.85%)1 (10%)112 (26.67%)0.019
Multiple organ (18) system involvement 3 (4.28%)1 (10%)0.415 (33.3%)0.001
Indwelling devices (100)35 (50%)10 (100%)NA45 (100%)NA
Prolonged antibiotic therapy (78)40 (57.14%)8 (80%)0.333 (73%)0.08
Duration of stay >1 week in ICU (34)11 (15.71%)3 (30%)0.521 (46.6%)0.005
Use of immunosuppressants (32)13 (18.57%)2 (20%)0.918 (40%)0.020
Diabetes mellitus (25)10 (14.28%)4 (40%)0.1114 (31.1%)0.05
Smoking (15)9 (12.85%)2 (20%)0.96 (13.3%)0.9

Controlsa: patients admitted to the same ICU with no Candidemia.
Significant values ( ) are indicated in bold. NA: not applicable.

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