Table of Contents
Journal of Mycology
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 836036, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/836036
Research Article

Mycobiota of Commercially Available Triphala Powder: A Well Known Dietary Supplement of Indian System of Medicine

1Mycology and Plant Pathology Laboratory, School of Studies in Botany, Jiwaji University, Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh 474011, India
2Amity Institute of Biotechnology, Amity University, Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh 474005, India

Received 12 June 2013; Revised 7 September 2013; Accepted 8 December 2013; Published 20 January 2014

Academic Editor: Lei Cai

Copyright © 2014 Sushil Sharma et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Sixty samples, categorized on the basis of manufacturers, were analyzed during the study. A total of 16 fungal species, belonging to 7 different genera, were isolated from the collected samples. Aspergillus was recorded as the most dominant genus with 9 species, namely, A. niger, A. carbonarius, A. luchuensis, A. fumigatus, A. flavus, A. nidulans, A. terreus, A. ochraceous, and A. wentii. A. niger was the most predominant species with frequency of occurrence of 63.33%. A large variation in fungal load and diversity was observed among the samples of different manufacturing categories. The percent moisture content and pH of samples were directly related to the extent of contamination. Samples with low pH and high moisture content were more contaminated. The higher incidence of A. niger (74.36%) was observed among the triphala powder of all manufacturing categories. Detection of ochratoxin producing fungi in triphala powder may pose a serious risk of ochratoxin production. Thus, there is an urgent need to enforce quality standards and regulation to minimize the fungal contamination to the globally expectable limit.