Figure 1: Schematic representation of the anthocyanin biosynthetic pathway (adapted from [16]). Enzymes are indicated in red, and classes of compounds are in green. Anthocyanidin is further modified with glycosyl, acyl, or methyl groups, resulting in the “decorated” anthocyanin. In this case, UF3GT is responsible for the glycosylation of anthocyanidins. The proposed anthocyanin biosynthetic pathway for Passiflora edulis is highlighted by the colored background. CHS: chalcone sintase; CHI: chalcone isomerase; F3H: flavanone 3-hydroxylase; F3′H: flavanone 3′-hydroxylase; F3′5′H: flavanone 3′5′-hydroxylase; DFR: dihydroflavonol 4-reductase; LDOX/ANS: leucoanthocyanidin dioxygenase/anthocyanidin synthase; GT: glucosyltransferase; GST: glutathione S-transferase.