Table of Contents
Journal of Nanoparticles
Volume 2014, Article ID 140614, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/140614
Review Article

Plant-Mediated Green Synthesis of Iron Nanoparticles

1Department of Botany, KET’s V.G. Vaze College of Arts, Science and Commerce, Mulund East, Mumbai, Maharashtra 400081, India
2National Environmental Engineering Research Institute, 89/B, Dr. Annie Besant Road, Worli, Mumbai, Maharashtra 400018, India

Received 4 July 2014; Accepted 18 September 2014; Published 2 October 2014

Academic Editor: Ipsita Banerjee

Copyright © 2014 Mihir Herlekar et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

In the recent years, nanotechnology has emerged as a state-of-the-art and cutting edge technology with multifarious applications in a wide array of fields. It is a very broad area comprising of nanomaterials, nanotools, and nanodevices. Amongst nanomaterials, majority of the research has mainly focused on nanoparticles as they can be easily prepared and manipulated. Physical and chemical methods are conventionally used for the synthesis of nanoparticles; however, due to several limitations of these methods, research focus has recently shifted towards the development of clean and eco-friendly synthesis protocols. Magnetic nanoparticles constitute an important class of inorganic nanoparticles, which find applications in different areas by virtue of their several unique properties. Nevertheless, in comparison with biological synthesis protocols for noble metal nanoparticles, limited study has been carried out with respect to biological synthesis of magnetic nanoparticles. This review focuses on various studies outlining the novel routes for biosynthesis of these nanoparticles by plant resources along with outlining the future scope of work in this area.