Table of Contents
Journal of Nanoscience
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 407301, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/407301
Research Article

Signal Integrity Analysis in Single and Bundled Carbon Nanotube Interconnects

Microelectronics and VLSI Group, Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee, Uttarakhand 247667, India

Received 29 March 2013; Accepted 11 July 2013

Academic Editor: Changxin Chen

Copyright © 2013 Manoj Kumar Majumder et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. R. Satio, G. Dresselhaus, and S. Desselhaus, Physical Properties of Carbon Nanotubes, Imperial College Press, London, UK, 1998.
  2. S. Berber, Y.-K. Kwon, and D. Tománek, “Unusually high thermal conductivity of carbon nanotubes,” Physical Review Letters, vol. 84, no. 20, pp. 4613–4616, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. B. Q. Wei, R. Vajtai, and P. M. Ajayan, “Reliability and current carrying capacity of carbon nanotubes,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 79, no. 8, pp. 1172–1174, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. P. G. Collins, M. Hersam, M. Arnold, R. Martel, and P. Avouris, “Current saturation and electrical breakdown in multiwalled carbon nanotubes,” Physical Review Letters, vol. 86, no. 14, pp. 3128–3131, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. A. Javey and J. Kong, Carbon Nanotube Electronics, Springer, New York, NY, USA, 2009.
  6. H. Li, C. Xu, N. Srivastava, and K. Banerjee, “Carbon nanomaterials for next-generation interconnects and passives: physics, status, and prospects,” IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, vol. 56, no. 9, pp. 1799–1821, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. S.-N. Pu, W.-Y. Yin, J.-F. Mao, and Q. H. Liu, “Crosstalk prediction of single- and double-walled carbon-nanotube (SWCNT/ DWCNT) bundle interconnects,” IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, vol. 56, no. 4, pp. 560–568, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. P. Avorious, Z. Chen, and V. Perebeions, “Carbon-based electronics,” Nature Nanotechnology, vol. 2, pp. 605–613, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  9. K. Tsukagoshi, B. W. Alphenaar, and H. Ago, “Coherent transport of electron spin in a ferromagnetically contacted carbon nanotube,” Nature, vol. 401, no. 6753, pp. 572–574, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. J. A. Misewich, R. Martel, P. Avouris, J. C. Tsang, S. Heinze, and J. Tersoff, “Electrically induced optical emission from a carbon nanotube FET,” Science, vol. 300, no. 5620, pp. 783–786, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. N. Wang, Z. K. Tang, G. D. Li, and J. S. Chen, “Materials science: single-walled 4Å carbon nanotube arrays,” Nature, vol. 408, no. 6808, pp. 50–51, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. M.-F. Yu, O. Lourie, M. J. Dyer, K. Moloni, T. F. Kelly, and R. S. Ruoff, “Strength and breaking mechanism of multiwalled carbon nanotubes under tensile load,” Science, vol. 287, no. 5453, pp. 637–640, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. F. Lu, L. Gu, M. J. Meziani et al., “Advances in bioapplications of carbon nanotubes,” Advanced Materials, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 139–152, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. D. Rossi, J. M. Cazeaux, C. Metra, and F. Lombardi, “Modeling crosstalk effects in CNT bus architectures,” IEEE Transactions on Nanotechnology, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 133–145, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. A. Naeemi and J. D. Meindl, “Compact physical models for multiwall carbon-nanotube interconnects,” IEEE Electron Device Letters, vol. 27, no. 5, pp. 338–340, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. A. Nieuwoudt and Y. Massoud, “Evaluating the impact of resistance in carbon nanotube bundles for VLSI interconnect using diameter-dependent modeling techniques,” IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, vol. 53, no. 10, pp. 2460–2466, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. S. Haruehanroengra and W. Wang, “Analyzing conductance of mixed carbon-nanotube bundles for interconnect applications,” IEEE Electron Device Letters, vol. 28, no. 8, pp. 756–759, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. K.-H. Koo, H. Cho, P. Kapur, and K. C. Saraswat, “Performance comparisons between carbon nanotubes, optical, and Cu for future high-performance on-chip interconnect applications,” IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, vol. 54, no. 12, pp. 3206–3215, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. B. K. Kaushik, S. Sarkar, R. P. Agarwal, and R. C. Joshi, “An analytical approach to dynamic crosstalk in coupled interconnects,” Microelectronics Journal, vol. 41, no. 2-3, pp. 85–92, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. M. K. Majumder, N. D. Pandya, B. K. Kaushik, and S. K. Manhas, “Dynamic crosstalk effect in mixed CNT bundle interconnects,” IET Electronics Letters, vol. 48, pp. 384–385, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  21. J. M. Rabaey, Digital Integrated Circuits, A Design Perspective, Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, USA, 1996.
  22. W. C. Chen, W.-Y. Yin, L. Jia, and Q. H. Liu, “Electrothermal characterization of single-walled carbon nanotube (SWCNT) interconnect arrays,” IEEE Transactions on Nanotechnology, vol. 8, no. 6, pp. 718–728, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. “2012 International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors,” http://public.itrs.net/.
  24. M. K. Majumder, N. D. Pandya, B. K. Kaushik, and S. K. Manhas, “Analysis of MWCNT and bundled SWCNT interconnects: impact on crosstalk and area,” Electron Device Letters, vol. 33, pp. 1180–1182, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  25. P. J. Burke, “Luttinger liquid theory as a model of the gigahertz electrical properties of carbon nanotubes,” IEEE Transactions on Nanotechnology, vol. 1, pp. 129–144, 2002. View at Google Scholar
  26. B. Bourlon, C. Miko, L. Forró, D. C. Glattli, and A. Bachtold, “Determination of the intershell conductance in multiwalled carbon nanotubes,” Physical Review Letters, vol. 93, no. 17, Article ID 176806, 4 pages, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. A. Naeemi and J. D. Meindl, “Design and performance modeling for single-walled carbon nanotubes as local, semiglobal, and global interconnects in gigascale integrated systems,” IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, vol. 54, no. 1, pp. 26–37, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. M. K. Majumder, N. D. Pandya, B. K. Kaushik, and S. K. Manhas, “Analysis of crosstalk delay and area for MWNT and bundled SWNT for global VLSI Interconnects,” in Proceedings of the 13th IEEE International Symposium on Quality Electronic Design (ISQED '12), pp. 291–297, Santa Clara, Calif, USA, 2012.