Table of Contents
Journal of Nanoscience
Volume 2014, Article ID 303579, 6 pages
Research Article

Densification Behaviour and Mechanical Properties of Aluminium Oxide and Cerium Oxide-Doped Yttria Tetragonal Zirconia Polycrystal Ceramics Using Two-Step Sintering

Ceramics Technology Laboratory, Universiti Tenaga Nasional, 43000 Kajang, Selangor, Malaysia

Received 16 June 2014; Revised 30 October 2014; Accepted 30 October 2014; Published 13 November 2014

Academic Editor: Liqiang Jing

Copyright © 2014 M. Golieskardi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The densification behaviour, mechanical properties, and microstructure of high-purity Al2O3 and CeO2-doped Y-TZP with different weight percentage varied from 0.3 to 1 wt% were investigated. The samples were pressed uniaxially at 200 MPa into rectangular bars and discs and pressureless-sintered at temperature ranging between 1250°C and 1450°C for 2 h while the microstructure was characterized with a scanning electron microscope (SEM). Two-step sintering process works well for temperature higher than 1400°C and it created most tetragonal phase arrangement for stable structure to delay ageing through phase transformation. The mechanical properties in terms of bulk density, Young’s modulus, Vickers hardness, and fracture toughness were also measured. The results indicate that the addition of dopants accelerated the densification parameters and reinforced and toughened the obtained bodies. The maximum values for the mechanical properties of the Al2O3 and CeO2-doped Y-TZP ceramics were 6.01, 220 GPa, 13.8 GPa, and 7 MPa for density, Young’s modulus, Vickers hardness, and fracture toughness, respectively, which are higher than those of the doped samples.