Table of Contents
Journal of Nanoscience
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 4679410, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/4679410
Research Article

One-Pot Fabrication and Characterization of Silver Nanoparticles Using Solanum lycopersicum: An Eco-Friendly and Potent Control Tool against Rose Aphid, Macrosiphum rosae

1Department of Biomedical Engineering, Nanotechnology Section, Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Technology and Research Centre, Cholanagar, RT Nagar Post, Hebbal, Bangalore 560032, India
2Amity Institute of Microbial Technology, Amity University, Noida 201303, India
3Section of Entomology, P. G. Department of Zoology, University of Kashmir, Hazratbal, Srinagar 190006, India
4Department of Environmental Sciences, Bharathiar University, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu 641046, India
5Department of Physics, Mother Teresa Women’s University, Kodaikanal, Tamil Nadu 624101, India
6Unit of Vector Control, Phytochemistry and Nanotechnology, Department of Zoology, Annamalai University, Annamalai Nagar, Tamil Nadu 608002, India

Received 31 March 2016; Accepted 14 September 2016

Academic Editor: Zhengjun Zhang

Copyright © 2016 Atanu Bhattacharyya et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The espousal of nanotechnology is a current come-up of the present revolution. As we know that the rose aphid, Macrosiphum rosae (Hemiptera: Aphididae), is a key pest on rose plant in Kashmir Valley, India, it exhibits a worldwide distribution. In the present study, we have synthesized biologically silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) from Solanum lycopersicum and characterized them by UV-vis spectroscopy, TEM, and X-RD analysis. The experiment was performed by leaf dip method. Insecticidal solutions of different Ag NPs concentrations, namely, 200, 300, 400, and 500 ppm, were tested on M. rosae. For assessment purposes, leaves were treated with distilled water (used as control). Aphid mortality data revealed that the Ag NPs were effective at 500 ppm concentration. As the concentration and day’s treatment increased, the aphid mortality rate also increased. There were statistically significant differences in M. rosae mortality between concentrations by LSD at 5%. In wrapping up, the use of Ag NPs in pest control processes will be the most novel eco-friendly approach in the Kashmir Valley, India, in future.