Table of Contents
Journal of Nanoscience
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 8013850, 15 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/8013850
Review Article

A Review of Current Research into the Biogenic Synthesis of Metal and Metal Oxide Nanoparticles via Marine Algae and Seagrasses

1Murdoch Applied Nanotechnology Research Group, Department of Physics, Energy Studies and Nanotechnology, School of Engineering and Energy, Murdoch University, Murdoch, WA 6150, Australia
2School of Veterinary and Life Sciences, Environmental & Conservation Sciences Murdoch University, Murdoch, WA 6150, Australia
3Department of Agriculture and Food, 3 Baron Hay Court, South Perth, WA 6151, Australia

Correspondence should be addressed to GĂ©rrard Eddy Jai Poinern

Received 7 June 2016; Revised 28 November 2016; Accepted 28 November 2016; Published 9 January 2017

Academic Editor: Kalimuthu Kalishwaralal

Copyright © 2017 Derek Fawcett et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Today there is a growing need to develop reliable, sustainable, and ecofriendly protocols for manufacturing a wide range of metal and metal oxide nanoparticles. The biogenic synthesis of nanoparticles via nanobiotechnology based techniques has the potential to deliver clean manufacturing technologies. These new clean technologies can significantly reduce environmental contamination and decease the hazards to human health resulting from the use of toxic chemicals and solvents currently used in conventional industrial fabrication processes. The largely unexplored marine environment that covers approximately 70% of the earth’s surface is home to many naturally occurring and renewable marine plants. The present review summarizes current research into the biogenic synthesis of metal and metal oxide nanoparticles via marine algae (commonly known as seaweeds) and seagrasses. Both groups of marine plants contain a wide variety of biologically active compounds and secondary metabolites that enables these plants to act as biological factories for the manufacture of metal and metal oxide nanoparticles.