Table of Contents
Journal of Oral Diseases
Volume 2014, Article ID 535316, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/535316
Research Article

Oral Hygiene Status, Periodontal Status, and Periodontal Treatment Needs among Institutionalized Intellectually Disabled Subjects in Kolhapur District, Maharashtra, India

1Department of Periodontology, Tatyasaheb Kore Dental College & Research Centre, New Pargaon, Kolhapur, Maharashtra 416137, India
2Department of Public Health Dentistry, Tatyasaheb Kore Dental College & Research Centre, Kolhapur, Maharashtra, India
3Department of Statistics, Shivaji University, Kolhapur, Maharashtra, India
4Department of Prosthodontics, Tatyasaheb Kore Dental College & Research Centre, Kolhapur, Maharashtra, India

Received 30 August 2014; Revised 10 November 2014; Accepted 11 November 2014; Published 7 December 2014

Academic Editor: Tetsuo Kobayashi

Copyright © 2014 Nilima S. Kadam et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The aim of the study was to determine influence of intellectually disability (ID) on oral hygiene status (OHS), periodontal status (PS), and periodontal treatment needs (PTNs) and investigate the association of these clinical parameters with various sociodemographic and clinical variables among multicentric institutionalized ID subjects aged 5–55 years in Kolhapur district, Maharashtra, India. This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted by both questionnaire and clinical examination. OHS, PS, and PTNs of these subjects were assessed by recording Simplified Oral Hygiene Index (OHI-S) and Community Periodontal Index of Treatment Needs, respectively. Analysis of variance and multiple logistic and stepwise linear regression analysis were used for statistical analysis. Of the 576 subjects examined, the mean age of the subjects was 17.50 ± 7.4 years. Subjects with profound level of ID had the highest mean OHI-S, PS, and PTNs scores of 4.47 ± 1.04, 2.84 ± 0.78, and 2.25 ± 0.44, respectively, as compared with other ID groups (). The present study signified that ID subjects had poor OHS and PS with the highest PTNs and were influenced by age (), degree of ID (), SES, location, institution type, and parent’s level education. The present study underlines a considerable need for prevention and treatment of periodontal disease among ID subjects in India.