Table of Contents
Journal of Oral Diseases
Volume 2014, Article ID 986745, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/986745
Research Article

Impact of an Oral Health Education Workshop on Parents’ Oral Health Knowledge, Attitude, and Perceived Behavioral Control among African Immigrants

1Division of Pediatric Dentistry, University of Alberta, 5-513 Edmonton Clinic Health Academy, 11405-87 Avenue NW, 5th Floor, Edmonton, AB, Canada T6G 1C9
2University of Alberta, 5-095 Edmonton Clinic Health Academy, 11405-87 Avenue NW, 5th Floor, Edmonton, AB, Canada T6G 1C9

Received 10 April 2014; Accepted 4 June 2014; Published 23 June 2014

Academic Editor: Mitsuhiro Ohshima

Copyright © 2014 Maryam Amin et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Purpose. To evaluate the impact of an educational workshop on parental knowledge, attitude, and perceived behavioral control regarding their child’s oral health. Materials and Methods. A one-time oral health education workshop including audio/visual and hands-on components was conducted by a trained dentist and bilingual community workers in community locations. Participants were African parents of children who had lived in Canada for less than ten years. The impact of the workshop was evaluated by a questionnaire developed based on the theory of planned behavior. Results. A total of 105 parents participated in this study. Participants were mainly mothers (mean age years) who came to Canada as refugee (77.1%) and had below high school education (70%). Paired t-test showed a significant difference in participants’ knowledge of caries, preventive measures, and benefits of regular dental visits after the workshop (P valu ). A significant improvement was also found in parental attitudes toward preventive measures and their perceived behavioral control ( ). Parents’ intention to take their child to a dentist within six months significantly altered after the workshop (P valu ). Conclusions. A one-time hands-on training was effective in improving parental knowledge, attitude, perceived behavioral control, and intention with respect to their child’s oral health and preventive dental visits in African immigrants.