Table of Contents
Journal of Oral Implants
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 870193, 9 pages
Research Article

Inferior Level of Maxillary Sinus and Cortical Bone Thickness at Maxillary Posterior Quadrant, in Three Different Growth Patterns: 3D-Computed Tomographic Study

1Department of Orthodontics, Yogita Dental College and Hospital, Khed, District Ratnagiri, Maharashtra 415709, India
2“Braces & Implant Clinic”, 202-203, 4th Floor, Vishal Ventila, Near Noble Hospital, Hadapsar, Pune 411028, India
3Department of Orthodontics, Sharad Pawar Dental College, Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences, Wardha, Maharashtra 442004, India

Received 5 September 2014; Accepted 20 November 2014; Published 15 December 2014

Academic Editor: Athanassios Kyrgidis

Copyright © 2014 Pavankumar Janardan Vibhute and Pushkar A. Patil. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Objective of this retrospective study was to measure cortical bone thickness and lowest level of maxillary sinus at maxillary posterior quadrant in different growth pattern (hypodivergent, average, and hyperdivergent) at prospective microimplant placement sites in order to understand both safety and stability aspects of microimplant placement by using cone-beam 3-dimensional computed tomographic images. In posterior quadrant, vertical distance from cementoenamel junction to lowest level of maxillary sinus at interradicular region was measured. Buccal cortical bone thickness was measured at 3 different vertical levels at interradicular space. The cortical bone thickness was found more at sinus floor level and above it than below the sinus floor. In perspective of miniscrew placement, study shows that maxillary sinus floor is safer with average and hyperdivergent growth pattern than hypodivergent growth pattern. In the proximity of maxillary sinus floor, 1 mm or more cortical bone can be expected in maxillary posterior region in average and hyperdivergent growth patterns. However, it was thicker in hypodivergent than hyperdivergent growth patterns. Hypodivergent patients require either more horizontal insertion (more parallel to occlusal plane) or shorter length of miniscrew to avoid damage to maxillary sinus.