Table of Contents
Journal of Petroleum Engineering
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 987568, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/987568
Research Article

Thermolysis of High-Density Polyethylene to Petroleum Products

Department of Chemical Engineering, National Institute of Technology Rourkela, Orissa 769008, India

Received 7 March 2013; Revised 10 May 2013; Accepted 16 May 2013

Academic Editor: Jorge Ancheyta

Copyright © 2013 Sachin Kumar and R. K. Singh. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Thermal degradation of plastic polymers is becoming an increasingly important method for the conversion of plastic materials into valuable chemicals and oil products. In this work, virgin high-density polyethylene (HDPE) was chosen as a material for pyrolysis. A simple pyrolysis reactor system has been used to pyrolyse virgin HDPE with an objective to optimize the liquid product yield at a temperature range of 400°C to 550°C. The chemical analysis of the HDPE pyrolytic oil showed the presence of functional groups such as alkanes, alkenes, alcohols, ethers, carboxylic acids, esters, and phenyl ring substitution bands. The composition of the pyrolytic oil was analyzed using GC-MS, and it was found that the main constituents were n-Octadecane, n-Heptadecane, 1-Pentadecene, Octadecane, Pentadecane, and 1-Nonadecene. The physical properties of the obtained pyrolytic oil were close to those of mixture of petroleum products.