Table of Contents
Journal of Quantum Chemistry
Volume 2014, Article ID 431432, 15 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/431432
Research Article

A Theoretical Study of the Relationships between Electronic Structure and CB1 and CB2 Cannabinoid Receptor Binding Affinity in a Group of 1-Aryl-5-(1-H-pyrrol-1-yl)-1-H-pyrazole-3-carboxamides

Quantum Pharmacology Unit, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences, University of Chile, Las Palmeras 3425, Nuñoa, 7800003 Santiago, Chile

Received 31 July 2013; Revised 22 September 2013; Accepted 23 September 2013; Published 2 January 2014

Academic Editor: Daniel Glossman-Mitnik

Copyright © 2014 Francisco Salgado-Valdés and Juan S. Gómez-Jeria. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

We report the results of a search for model-based relationships between hCB1 and hCB2 receptor binding affinity and molecular structure for a group of 1-aryl-5-(1-H-pyrrol-1-yl)-1-H-pyrazole-3-carboxamides. The wave functions and local atomic reactivity indices were obtained at the B3LYP/6-31G(d,p) levels of theory with full geometry optimization. Interaction pharmacophores were generated for both receptors. The main conclusions of this work are as follows. (1) We obtained statistically significant equations relating the variation of hCB1 and hCB2 receptor binding affinities with the variation of definite sets of local atomic reactivity indices. (2) The interaction of the molecules with the hCB1 and hCB2 receptors seems to be highly complex and mainly orbital controlled. (3) The interaction mechanisms seem to be different for each type of receptor. This study, contrarily to the statistically backed ones, is able to provide a microscopic insight of the mechanisms involved in the binding process.