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Journal of Renewable Energy
Volume 2014, Article ID 647324, 12 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/647324
Review Article

Prospect of Pongamia pinnata (Karanja) in Bangladesh: A Sustainable Source of Liquid Fuel

1Jessore University of Science & Technology, Jessore 7408, Bangladesh
2Bangladesh University of Engineering & Technology, Dhaka 1000, Bangladesh
3Rajshahi University of Engineering & Technology, Rajshahi 6204, Bangladesh

Received 17 August 2014; Accepted 25 November 2014; Published 18 December 2014

Academic Editor: Adnan Parlak

Copyright © 2014 P. K. Halder et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Energy is the basic requirement for the existence of human being in today’s digital world. Indigenous energy of Bangladesh (especially natural gas and diesel) is basically used in power generation and depleting hastily to meet the increasing power demand. Therefore, special emphasis has been given to produce alternative liquid fuel worldwide to overcome the crisis of diesel. Pongamia pinnata (karanja) may be an emerging option for providing biooil for biodiesel production. Although karanja biooil has been used as a source of traditional medicines in Bangladesh, it can also be used for rural illumination. This paper outlines the medical and energy aspects of Pongamia pinnata. It has been assessed that Bangladesh can utilize about 128.95 PJ through Pongamia cultivation in unused lands. The paper reviews the potentiality of Pongamia pinnata as a source of biodiesel and its benefits in Bangladesh. The paper also revives that, about 0.52 million tons of biodiesel can be produced only utilizing the unused lands per year in sustainable basis as it reduces CO2, CO, HC, and NOx emission compared to pure diesel.