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Journal of Renewable Energy
Volume 2015, Article ID 640327, 10 pages
Research Article

Assessment of Stand-Alone Residential Solar Photovoltaic Application in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Case Study of Gambia

1Institute of Energy, Cardiff University, Queen’s Buildings, The Parade, Cardiff CF24 3AA, UK
2Ministry of Energy, Banjul, Gambia
3Institute for Energy and Environment, Department of Electronic & Electrical Engineering, University of Strathclyde, Technology and Innovation Centre, Level 4, 99 George Street, Glasgow G1 1RD, UK

Received 1 August 2015; Revised 14 October 2015; Accepted 18 October 2015

Academic Editor: Yongsheng Chen

Copyright © 2015 Sambu Kanteh Sakiliba et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The focus of this paper is the design and implementation of solar PV deployment option, which is economical and easy to maintain for remote locations in less developed countries in Sub-Saharan Africa. The feasibility of stand-alone solar PV systems as a solution to the unstable electricity supply and as an alternative to the conventional resource, “diesel generators,” is presented. Moreover, a design of a system is carried out, such that the electrical demand and site meteorological data of a typical household in the capital, Banjul, is simulated. Likewise, the life cycle cost analysis to assess the economic viability of the system, along with the solar home performance, is also presented. Such system will be beneficial to the inhabitants of Gambia by ensuring savings in fuel costs and by reducing carbon emissions produced by generators. The selection of appropriate-sized components is crucial, as they affect the lifetime, reliability, and initial costs. The design presented in this study represents a solution for domestic houses to adopt the system according to the location and environment, in order to meet electricity demand.