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Journal of Renewable Energy
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 9643130, 14 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/9643130
Research Article

On the Wind Energy Resource and Its Trend in the East China Sea

College of Physical and Environmental Oceanography, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266100, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Adekunle Ayodotun Osinowo; moc.oohay@99xofxov

Received 28 May 2016; Revised 18 November 2016; Accepted 13 December 2016; Published 20 February 2017

Academic Editor: Shuhui Li

Copyright © 2017 Adekunle Ayodotun Osinowo et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This study utilizes a 30-year (1980–2009) 10 m wind field dataset obtained from the European Center for Medium Range Weather Forecast to investigate the wind energy potential in the East China Sea (ECS) by using Weibull shape and scale parameters. The region generally showed good wind characteristics. The calculated annual mean of the wind power resource revealed the potential of the region for large-scale grid-connected wind turbine applications. Furthermore, the spatiotemporal variations showed strong trends in wind power in regions surrounding Taiwan Island. These regions were evaluated with high wind potential and were rated as excellent locations for installation of large wind turbines for electrical energy generation. Nonsignificant and negative trends dominated the ECS and the rest of the regions; therefore, these locations were found to be suitable for small wind applications. The wind power density exhibited an insignificant trend in the ECS throughout the study period. The trend was strongest during spring and weakest during autumn.