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Journal of Renewable Energy
Volume 2018, Article ID 9737683, 12 pages
Review Article

A Review of the Triple Gains of Waste and the Way Forward for Ghana

1Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Department of Geography and Rural Development, Ghana
2Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Department of Sociology and Social Work, Ghana
3Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Department of Planning, Ghana

Correspondence should be addressed to Emmanuel Mawuli Abalo; moc.liamg@29olabae

Received 27 October 2017; Revised 13 March 2018; Accepted 17 April 2018; Published 27 May 2018

Academic Editor: Abhijeet P. Borole

Copyright © 2018 Emmanuel Mawuli Abalo et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The postcolonial waste management practices in Ghana have consistently been identified with the discarding and disposal of waste in open dumps, wetlands, and landfills. These practices have only contributed to the glaring poor sanitation in the cities of Ghana. Insignificant quantity of the waste generated ends up in recycling and/or composting units for reuse. Given the current growth of Ghana’s population, coupled with the emerging industrialisation, the country’s overdependence on hydropower for energy and natural resources for production alone is dangerous. This paper provides a holistic review of the gains from solid waste. The paper reaffirms that, through appropriate technologies, waste possesses the intrinsic potential to generate renewable energy, resources, and income. In recommending, the main objective of waste management practices in Ghana should be about exploring the economic potentials of waste. Thus, waste disposal should be the last resort, and not the first option in waste management practices in Ghana.