Table of Contents
Journal of Respiratory Medicine
Volume 2014, Article ID 768378, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/768378
Research Article

Out-of-Pocket Costs of Asthma Follow-Up Care in Adults in a Sub-Saharan African Country

1Department of Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus, Enugu 400241, Nigeria
2Department of Medicine, College of Health Sciences, University of Ilorin, Ilorin 240213, Nigeria
3Department of Internal Medicine, Federal Teaching Hospital, Ebonyi State, Abakaliki 480281, Nigeria
4Department of Medicine, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Ituku Ozalla, Enugu 400228, Nigeria
5Medical Division, Nigerian Ports Authority PLC, Lagos 101251, Nigeria

Received 4 January 2014; Revised 2 March 2014; Accepted 3 March 2014; Published 31 March 2014

Academic Editor: Umesh Yadav

Copyright © 2014 Cajetan Chigozie Onyedum et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. M. Masoli, D. Fabian, S. Holt, and R. Beasley, “The global burden of asthma: executive summary of the GINA Dissemination Committee Report,” Allergy, vol. 59, no. 5, pp. 469–478, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. G. Erhabor, S. Agbroko, P. Bamigboye, and O. Awopeju, “Prevalence of asthma symptoms among university students 15 to 35 years of age in Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Osun State,” Journal of Asthma, vol. 43, no. 2, pp. 161–164, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. M. I. Asher, S. Montefort, B. Björkstén et al., “Worldwide time trends in the prevalence of symptoms of asthma, allergic rhinoconjunctivitis, and eczema in childhood: ISAAC Phases One and Three repeat multicountry cross-sectional surveys,” The Lancet, vol. 368, no. 9537, pp. 733–743, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. O. O. Desalu, A. E. Fawibe, and A. K. Salami, “Assessment of the level of asthma control among adult patients in two tertiary care centers in Nigeria,” Journal of Asthma, vol. 49, no. 7, pp. 765–772, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  5. T. D. Szucs, H. Anderhub, and M. Rutishauser, “The economic burden of asthma: direct and indirect costs in Switzerland,” European Respiratory Journal, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 281–286, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. S. Accordini, M. Bugiani, W. Arossa et al., “Poor control increases the economic cost of asthma: a multicentre population-based study,” International Archives of Allergy and Immunology, vol. 141, no. 2, pp. 189–198, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. A. A. Cruz and P. J. Bousquet, “The unbearable cost of severe asthma in underprivileged populations,” Allergy, vol. 64, no. 3, pp. 319–321, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. S. Mendis, K. Fukino, A. Cameron et al., “The availability and affordability of selected essential medicines for chronic diseases in six low- and middle-income countries,” Bulletin of the World Health Organization, vol. 85, no. 4, pp. 279–288, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. R. Franco, H. F. Nascimento, A. A. Cruz et al., “The economic impact of severe asthma to low-income families,” Allergy, vol. 64, no. 3, pp. 478–483, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. G. E. Çelik, S. Bavbek, G. Paşaoǧlu et al., “Direct medical cost of asthma in Ankara, Turkey,” Respiration, vol. 71, no. 6, pp. 587–593, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. S.-H. Kim, T.-W. Kim, J.-W. Kwon et al., “Economic costs for adult asthmatics according to severity and control status in Korean tertiary hospitals,” Journal of Asthma, vol. 49, no. 3, pp. 303–309, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. K. Chuesakoolvanich, “Cost of hospitalizing asthma patients in a regional hospital in Thailand,” Respirology, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 433–438, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. S. Bavbek, D. Mungan, H. Türktaş, Z. Misirligil, and B. Gemicioǧlu, “A cost-of-illness study estimating the direct cost per asthma exacerbation in Turkey,” Respiratory Medicine, vol. 105, no. 4, pp. 541–548, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. K. Bahadori, M. M. Doyle-Waters, C. Marra et al., “Economic burden of asthma: a systematic review,” BMC Pulmonary Medicine, vol. 9, article 24, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. C. C. Onyedum, K. N. Ukwaja, O. O. Desalu, and C. Ezeudo, “Challenges in the management of bronchial asthma among adults in Nigeria: a systematic review,” Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 324–329, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  16. Global Initiativa for Asthma (GINA). Global strategy for asthma management and prevention. Vancouver: GINA, 2006, http://www.ginasthma.org.
  17. C. M. Mellis, J. K. Peat, A. E. Bauman, and A. J. Woolcock, “The cost of asthma in New South Wales,” Medical Journal of Australia, vol. 155, no. 8, pp. 522–528, 1991. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. M. G. Cisternas, P. D. Blanc, I. H. Yen et al., “A comprehensive study of the direct and indirect costs of adult asthma,” Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, vol. 111, no. 6, pp. 1212–1218, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. P. W. K. Chan, S. Hussain, N. H. Ghani, J. A. Debruyne, and C. K. Liam, “The direct cost of treating bronchial asthma in a teaching hospital in Malaysia,” Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health, vol. 33, no. 3, pp. 600–603, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. The National Population Commission, 2006 Population and Housing Census of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. Priority Tables, vol. 1, The National Population Commission, Abuja, Nigeria, 2009.
  21. World Development Indicators, 2013, http://data.worldbank.org/data-catalog/world-developmentindicators.
  22. S. Stock, M. Redaelli, M. Luengen, G. Wendland, D. Civello, and K. W. Lauterbach, “Asthma: prevalence and cost of illness,” European Respiratory Journal, vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 47–53, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus