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Journal of Solar Energy
Volume 2013, Article ID 586302, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/586302
Research Article

Design and Optimization of a Monoaxial Tracking System for Photovoltaic Modules

Transilvania University of Braşov, 29 Eroilor Boulevard, 500036 Braşov, Romania

Received 28 January 2013; Revised 12 June 2013; Accepted 2 July 2013

Academic Editor: Koray Ulgen

Copyright © 2013 Cătălin Alexandru. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This paper presents researches on increasing the energetic efficiency of a photovoltaic (PV) string by designing and optimizing a tracking mechanism that simultaneously changes the daily position of the modules using a single driving source (there are modules with individual supports). The motion is transmitted from the driving source, which is a linear actuator, with a parallelogram mechanism. The main task in optimizing the tracking system is to maximize the energetic gain by increasing the solar input and minimizing the energy demand for tracking. The study is performed by developing the virtual prototype of the tracking system, which integrates the mechanical device and the control system, in mechatronic concept. Virtual prototyping software solutions (ADAMS, EASY5, and MAT) are used in this study.