403916.fig.001a
(a) Two-story models of flexural frame (A), X-Steel (B), and off-diagonal bracing system (C)
403916.fig.001b
(b) Six-story models of flexural frame without bracing system (A), with X-Steel bracing system (B), and with off-diagonal steel bracing system (C)
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(c) Fifteen-story models of flexural frame without bracing system (A), with X-Steel bracing system (B), and with off-diagonal steel bracing system (C)
Figure 1: Two-, six-, and fifteen-story models by various load bearing systems. (a) Two-story models and (b) six-story models and (c) fifteen-story models. All models have 3 m height of stories and 4 m length of spans.