Table of Contents
Journal of Theoretical Chemistry
Volume 2014, Article ID 894175, 15 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/894175
Research Article

Structural, Electronic, and Vibrational Properties of Isoniazid and Its Derivative N-Cyclopentylidenepyridine-4-carbohydrazide: A Quantum Chemical Study

1Department of Physics, Government Danteshwari P. G. College, Dantewada, Chhattisgarh 494449, India
2Department of Physics, Govt. Kakatiya P. G. College Jagdalpur, District Bastar, Chhattisgarh 494001, India
3Department of Chemistry, Lucknow University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh 226007, India

Received 25 November 2013; Accepted 13 January 2014; Published 24 February 2014

Academic Editor: John R. Sabin

Copyright © 2014 Anoop kumar Pandey et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Isoniazid (Laniazid, Nydrazid), also known as isonicotinylhydrazine (INH), is an organic compound that is the first-line medication in prevention and treatment of tuberculosis. The optimized geometry of the isoniazid and its derivative N-cyclopentylidenepyridine-4-carbohydrazide molecule has been determined by the method of density functional theory (DFT). For both geometry and total energy, it has been combined with B3LYP functionals having LANL2DZ and 6-311 G (d, p) as the basis sets. Using this optimized structure, we have calculated the infrared wavenumbers and compared them with the experimental data. The calculated wavenumbers by LANL2DZ are in an excellent agreement with the experimental values. On the basis of fully optimized ground-state structure, TDDFT//B3LYP/LANL2DZ calculations have been used to determine the low-lying excited states of isoniazid and its derivative. Based on these results, we have discussed the correlation between the vibrational modes and the crystalline structure of isoniazid and its derivative. A complete assignment is provided for the observed FTIR spectra. The molecular HOMO, LUMO composition, their respective energy gaps, and MESP contours/surfaces have also been drawn to explain the activity of isoniazid and its derivative.