Table of Contents
Journal of Textiles
Volume 2013, Article ID 157034, 7 pages
Research Article

Effect of Some Fabric and Sewing Conditions on Apparel Seam Characteristics

1Department of Textile Technology, National Institute of Technology, Jalandhar, Punjab 144011, India
2Punjab Institute of Textile Technology, Amritsar, Punjab 144011, India

Received 19 April 2013; Accepted 29 May 2013

Academic Editor: Phillip W. Gibson

Copyright © 2013 A. K. Choudhary and Amit Goel. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Many previous studies showed that seam appearance as well as performance depends on the interrelationship of fabrics, threads, and the stitch/seam selection and lastly on the sewing conditions, which include the needle size, needle thread tension, stitch density, and the appropriate operation and maintenance of the sewing machine. Present investigation elucidates the effect of blend composition, sewing thread size, and sewing needle parameters on garment seam characteristics (i.e., seam strength, seam strength efficiency, seam puckering, seam stiffness, and drape coefficient). The seam quality characterization is studied through the L9 orthogonal design methodology. In good quality apparels, compatibility of the seams with the functional requirement is very important for serviceability and life of the apparel. Reversibility as well as repairing of seams in the apparel is very limited in the condition of seam failure. Seam strength efficiency is higher for the uniform fiber matrix in the structure of fabrics. The polyester dominated suiting fabrics give minimum seam stiffness because polyester component has low flexural rigidity. The cotton dominated suiting fabrics have less seam puckering due to increase in fabric stiffness.