Table of Contents
Journal of Textiles
Volume 2014, Article ID 925320, 7 pages
Research Article

A Design Tool for Clothing Applications: Wind Resistant Fabric Layers and Permeable Vents

1U.S. Army Natick Soldier Research, Development, and Engineering Center, Natick, MA 01760, USA
2Creare, Inc., Hanover, NH 03755, USA
3Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14850, USA

Received 16 July 2014; Revised 30 October 2014; Accepted 1 November 2014; Published 18 November 2014

Academic Editor: Jiri Militky

Copyright © 2014 Phillip Gibson et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


A computational clothing design tool is used to examine the effects of different clothing design features upon performance. Computational predictions of total heat and mass transfer coefficients of the clothing design tool showed good agreement with experimental measurements obtained using a sweating thermal manikin for four different clothing systems, as well as for the unclothed bare manikin. The specific clothing design features examined in this work are the size and placement of air-permeable fabric vents in a protective suit composed primarily of a fabric-laminated polymer film layer. The air-permeable vents were shown to provide additional ventilation and to significantly decrease both the total thermal insulation and the water vapor resistance of the protective suit.