Table of Contents
Journal of Thermodynamics
Volume 2009, Article ID 186723, 10 pages
Research Article

Entropy Generation and Human Aging: Lifespan Entropy and Effect of Diet Composition and Caloric Restriction Diets

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Texas A&M University, 3123 TAMU, College Station, TX 77843-3123, USA

Received 21 January 2009; Accepted 23 June 2009

Academic Editor: Ali Akbar Saboury

Copyright © 2009 Carlos A. Silva and Kalyan Annamalai. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. M. Goldstein and I. F. Goldstein, The Refrigerator and the Universe, Harvard Press, 1993.
  2. F. Holmes, Lavosier and the Chemistry of Life, University of Wisconsin Press, Madison, Wiss, USA, 1985.
  3. M. Kleiber, The Fire of Life: An Introduction to Animal Energetics, Robert E. Krieger, New York, NY, USA, 1975.
  4. C. A. Silva and K. Annamalai, “Entropy generation and human aging: lifespan entropy and effect of physical activity level,” Entropy, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 100–123, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  5. D. Hershey, Lifespan and Factors Affecting It, Charles C. Thomas, Springfield, Mass, USA, 1974.
  6. D. Hershey and H. Wang, A New Age-Scale for Humans, Lexington Books, 1980.
  7. I. Aoki, “Entropy flow and entropy production in the human body in basal conditions,” Journal of Theoretical Biology, vol. 141, no. 1, pp. 11–21, 1989. View at Google Scholar
  8. I. Aoki, “Effects of exercise and chills on entropy production in human body,” Journal of Theoretical Biology, vol. 145, no. 3, pp. 421–428, 1990. View at Google Scholar
  9. I. Aoki, “Entropy production in human life span: a thermodynamical measure for aging,” Age, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 29–31, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  10. M. Batato, O. Deriaz, E. Jequier, and L. Borel, “Second law analysis of the human body,” in Preceding of the Florence World Energy Research Symposium, Firenze, Italy, 1990.
  11. M. A. Rahman, “A novel method for estimating the entropy generation rate in a human body,” Thermal Science, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 75–92, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  12. K. Annamalai and I. Puri, Advanced Thermodynamics Engineering, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Fla, USA, 2002.
  13. A. Bejan, “The tree of convective heat streams: its thermal insulation function and the predicted 3/4-power relation between body heat loss and body size,” International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, vol. 44, no. 4, pp. 699–704, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  14. A. Bejan, “Constructal theory: from thermodynamic and geometric optimization to predicting shape in nature,” Energy Conversion and Management, vol. 39, no. 16–18, pp. 1705–1718, 1998. View at Google Scholar
  15. D. Haynie, Biological Thermodynamics, Cambridge Press, Cambridge, UK, 2001.
  16. K. Koehler, Biophysics, chapter 8, 1996,
  17. D. Nelson and M. Cox, Lehninger Principles of Biochemistry, Worth, Worth, NY, USA, 2003.
  18. C. A. Silva, “Entropy generation in the human body. Estimation by means of energy requirements,” MSME Final Report, Texas A&M University, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  19. National Academy Press, “Dietary Reference Intakes for Energy, Carbohydrate, Fiber, Fat, Fatty Acids, Cholesterol, Protein, and Amino Acids (Macronutrients),” 2002. View at Google Scholar
  20. J. G. Wood, B. Regina, S. Lavu et al., “Sirtuin activators mimic caloric restriction and delay ageing in metazoans,” Nature, vol. 430, no. 7000, pp. 686–689, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  21. J. A. Baur, K. J. Pearson, N. L. Price et al., “Resveratrol improves health and survival of mice on a high-calorie diet,” Nature, vol. 444, no. 7117, pp. 337–342, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed