Table 1: Properties of nutrients [17, 18].

Nutrient , 𝑗 Formulae 𝑀 𝑗  g/molHH V 𝑗  KJ/kg 𝑓 , 𝑗  MJ/kmol 𝐺 𝑐 , 𝑗  KJ/kg 𝑆 2 9 8 , 𝑗 KJ/kmol 𝜂 𝑗 , metabolic efficiency %

Glucose C 6 H 1 2 O 6 18015630 1260 16070212.034.6
Amino acid C 4 . 5 7 H 9 . 0 3 N 1 . 2 7 O 2 . 2 5 S 0 . 0 4 6 11922790 385 2243010.4
Palmitic acid C 1 6 H 3 2 O 2 25639125 835 38465452.432.2