Table of Contents
Journal of Thermodynamics
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 3806364, 21 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/3806364
Research Article

Kelvin’s Dissymmetric Models and Consistency Conditions of Multicomponent Gas-Liquid Equilibrium and Capillary Condensation

1Laboratoire d’Energétique et de Mécanique Théorique et Appliquée, CNRS-UMR 7563, Université de Lorraine, 54500 Nancy, France
2Laboratory of Fluid Dynamics and Seismics, Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (State University), Dolgoprudny 141700, Russia

Received 3 October 2015; Revised 4 January 2016; Accepted 5 January 2016

Academic Editor: Mohammad Al-Nimr

Copyright © 2016 Mikhail Panfilov and Alexandre Koldoba. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

To describe phase equilibrium of mixtures, we develop a nonclassical approach based on using different equations of state for gas and liquid. We show that not all the types of EOS are admissible but only those which verify some specific conditions of consistency. We developed the mathematical theory of this new approach for pure cores and for mixtures, in presence and absence of capillary forces, which leads to explicit analytical relationships for phase concentrations of chemical components. Several examples of comparison with experimental data for binary and ternary mixtures illustrate the feasibility of the suggested approach.