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Journal of Veterinary Medicine
Volume 2014, Article ID 759854, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/759854
Research Article

Seasonal Variation and Frequency Distribution of Ectoparasites in Crossbreed Cattle in Southeastern Brazil

1Departamento de Parasitologia, Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Bloco i4, Sala 177, Avenida Antonio Carlos 6627, Pampulha, 31270-901 Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil
2Departamento de Clínica de Ruminantes, Escola de Veterinária, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Avenida Antonio Carlos 6627, Pampulha, 31270-901 Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil
3INCT-Entomologia Molecular, 21941-590 Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil

Received 21 July 2014; Accepted 16 September 2014; Published 8 October 2014

Academic Editor: Alejandro Plascencia

Copyright © 2014 Maria do Socorro Ferraz da Costa et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The aims of this study were to evaluate the seasonal variation and frequency distribution of Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus, Haematobia irritans, and Dermatobia hominis on crossbred heifers under field conditions in the northeast of Minas Gerais state, southeastern Brazil. From November 2007 to September 2009 (23 months), 40 heifers aged months were divided into groups A ( Holstein × 3/4 Gir) and B ( Holstein × Gir) and had the monthly infestation estimated along with the climatic conditions. The mean maximum and minimum temperatures were 28.5 and 19°C, respectively. The ectoparasites were present on animals in all months of the year. The levels of ticks on the animals were low ( ticks/animal), with the highest density in midwinter. The temperature was the climatic factor that most influenced the tick levels. The population of H. irritans ( flies/animal) and D. hominis ( larvae/animal) on heifers was more influenced by rainfall and exhibited two population peaks during the year. Holstein heifers harbored significantly more H. irritans and D. hominis than Holstein heifers. The results are discussed considering the most appropriate periods to apply ectoparasiticides and the genetic make-up of the animals.