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Journal of Veterinary Medicine
Volume 2017, Article ID 1702852, 7 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/1702852
Research Article

Major Gross Lesions of Lung in Cattle Slaughtered at Hawassa Municipal Abattoir, Southern Ethiopia

1College of Veterinary Medicine, Haramaya University, P.O. Box 301, Haramaya, Ethiopia
2College of Veterinary Medicine, Haramaya University, P.O. Box 138, Haramaya, Ethiopia

Correspondence should be addressed to Tesfaheywet Zeryehun; moc.oohay@nuhireztowihafset

Received 21 August 2017; Revised 9 October 2017; Accepted 16 November 2017; Published 11 December 2017

Academic Editor: Alejandro Plascencia

Copyright © 2017 Tesfaheywet Zeryehun and Biruk Alemu. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

A cross-sectional study was conducted from November 2016 to April 2017, to estimate the prevalence of major gross lung lesions in cattle slaughtered at Hawassa Municipal Abattoir, southern Ethiopia. A total of 563 male cattle were examined by antemortem examination, while postmortem lung lesions were done using standard inspection procedures. Association between prevalence and the explanatory variables was estimated by way of chi-square/Fischer’s exact tests using statistical packages for social science (SPSS) software. Upon postmortem examination, 96.6% (544/563) of cattle examined had various gross lung lesions. The most important lesions identified were hydatidosis, emphysema, congestion, and atelectasis with prevalence of 45.3%, 19.2%, 18.1%, and 6.4%, respectively. Based on origins of slaughtered animals, hydatid cyst, emphysema, and congestion were common in cattle that came from Tula area with prevalence of 46.3%, 20.4%, and 20%, respectively. The animals from Arsi-negelle and Hawassa were mostly affected by hydatid cyst with prevalence of 44.4% and 42.5%, respectively. Statistically significant association () was observed between prevalence of atelectasis and body condition of slaughtered cattle. In conclusion, the prevalence of hydatidosis was the major lesion in the lung of slaughtered cattle at Hawassa Municipal Abattoir. Therefore, appropriate disease control strategies should be put in place.