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Journal of Veterinary Medicine
Volume 2017, Article ID 2743187, 4 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/2743187
Research Article

Serological Screening Suggests Extensive Presence of Mycoplasma gallisepticum and Mycoplasma synoviae in Backyard Chickens in Southern Mozambique

1Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Eduardo Mondlane University, Av. de Moçambique Km 1,5, Maputo, Mozambique
2Kyeema Foundation, Av. de Moçambique Km 1,5, Maputo, Mozambique

Correspondence should be addressed to Custódio Gabriel Bila; zm.meu@alib.oidotsuc

Received 26 October 2016; Accepted 29 December 2016; Published 22 January 2017

Academic Editor: Antonio Ortega-Pacheco

Copyright © 2017 Augusto Messa Júnior et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

A total of 459 serum samples from unvaccinated backyard chickens originating from 4 villages in Mandlakazi district, Southern Mozambique, were tested for the presence of Mycoplasma gallisepticum and Mycoplasma synoviae antibodies through commercial enzyme-linked immunoabsorbent assay [ELISA] kits. Anti-MG and anti-MS antibodies were detected in all villages surveyed and the overall seroprevalence was 48.8% [95% CI 39.1–57.8] and 84.5% [95% CI 76.8–90.4], respectively. The risk of being seropositive for both diseases was higher [] in Chidenguele village than other villages. It is concluded that MG and MS serum antibodies are present in backyard chickens.