Table 2: Effects of different strains of probiotics on Trichinella spiralis in mice model.

Probiotics strainDose/routeMechanismsAntiparasitic effectReferences

Lactobacillus acidophilus P110, Lactobacillus plantarum P164 and Lactobacillus casei ATCC 74691.0 ml/kg/day with a concentration of 1.9 × 109 CFU/ml orallyBoth showed higher levels of IFN-60.98%, 87.92% and 74.88% larval count reduction, respectively[7]

Enterococcus faecium AL41, Enterococcus durans ED26E/7, Lactobacillus fermentum AD1 and Lactobacillus plantarum 17L/1109 CFU/ml in 100 μl orallyStimulated phagocytosis and respiratory burst of blood PMNL
and high intensity of enzymatic stimulation
Protective effect was induced by all strains, the highest reduction by E. faecium AL41[8]

L. casei strain ATCC 4691.9 × 109 CFU/ml orallyReduced invasion of larvae into the hostSignificant protective response[31]

Lactobacillus caseiIntraperitonealHigher levels of IgG and IgA anti-T. spiralis and IL-4, but lower levels of IFN-78.6%–100% protection[30]

Lactobacillus casei Shirota strain (LcS)IntraperitonealIgA anti-T. spiralis levels were higherInduces protection against T. spiralis[32]

PMNL: polymorphonuclear leukocytes.