Table of Contents
Journal of Waste Management
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 731858, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/731858
Research Article

Production of Hydrocarbon Liquid by Thermal Pyrolysis of Paper Cup Waste

Department of Chemical Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Rourkela, Orissa 769008, India

Received 20 December 2012; Revised 10 February 2013; Accepted 16 February 2013

Academic Editor: Yinguang Chen

Copyright © 2013 Bijayani Biswal et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The paper cup waste was pyrolysed in a stainless steel semibatch reactor at a temperature range of 325°C to 425°C and at a heating rate of 20°C min−1 with an aim to study the physical and chemical characteristics of the obtained hydrocarbon liquid and to determine its feasibility as a commercial fuel. The maximum liquid yield was 52% at 400°C. The functional groups present in the liquid are aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acids, esters, alkenes, and alkanes. It was found that the pyrolytic liquid contains around 18 types of compounds having carbon chain length in the range of C6–C20. The obtained liquid can be used as valuable chemicals feedstock.