Table of Contents
Journal of Waste Management
Volume 2015, Article ID 571213, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/571213
Research Article

Modeling the Sorption of Ni2+ and Co2+ on Saprist Peat Using the Response Surface Methodology

1Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John’s, NL, Canada A1B 3X5
2Chemical and Polymer Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Lagos State University, Epe Campus, PMB 1081, Lagos 106101, Nigeria

Received 16 November 2014; Accepted 26 December 2014

Academic Editor: Francesca Pagnanelli

Copyright © 2015 Emmanuel S. Asapo et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

A detailed study of the sorption of Ni2+ and Co2+ from simulated wastewater on saprist peat is presented. The significantly decomposed peat possessed a strong sorptive capacity that was maintained over a wide range of pH. With a metal concentration range of 50 to 200 mg/L, pH range of 3 to 10, peat dose of 2 to 40 g/L, and contact time of 12 to 24 h, batch experiments were conducted based on a four-factor Box-Behnken response surface design. The percentage removals of Ni2+ and Co2+ were analyzed using analysis of variance. Second order response surface models were developed with the significant factors and their interactions to predict the percentage sorption of Ni2+ and Co2+ independently. The prediction equations were verified with additional data not used in developing the equations. The study showed that the saprist peat could be a potential industrial metal adsorbent and the percentage of uptake of Ni2+ and Co2+ could be accurately predicted using the second order response surface models developed. Ni2+ uptake was greater for the two metals and reached a maximum value at just below a neutral pH and Co2+ uptake continued to increase from pH > 5, with higher uptake percentage at pH 10.