Table of Contents
Laser Chemistry
Volume 2, Issue 2, Pages 37-51
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/LC.2.37

Phase Coherence in Multiple Pulse Optical Spectroscopy

1Department of Chemistry, Princeton University, Princeton 08544, NJ, USA
2Arthur Amos Noyes Laboratory of Chemical Physics, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena 91125, CA, USA

Copyright © 1983 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

In this paper we describe a new technique for the generation of multiple pulse phase coherent sequences in optical spectroscopy. The technique is an extension of the acousto-optic modulation and fluorescence detection methods developed for optical transitions by Zewail and Orlowski (Zewail et al., Chem. Phys. Lett.48, 256 (1977); Orlowski et al., Chem. Phys. Lett.54, 197 (1978)). Application of these multiple pulse trains (of different phases) to optical transitions of two-level and multilevel systems is demonstrated experimentally. It is shown that they can be used to (i) suppress spontaneous emission background, (ii) enhance coherent transients such as photon echoes, (iii) measure additional relaxation parameters in systems with complex rotational-vibrational levels, and (iv) enhance the effective laser bandwidths through composite pulse trains, as demonstrated on I2 gas. Finally, the potential of this development is extended to the possibility of observing selective multiquantum excitation in molecules.