Table of Contents
Laser Chemistry
Volume 16, Issue 2, Pages 121-138
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/1995/98207

Time-Resolved Investigation of the Molecular Chemiluminescence SrI(A21/2,3,2,B2+→X2+) and the Atomic Resonance Fluorescence Sr(53P1→51S0) Following The Pulsed Dye Laser Generation Of Sr(53PJ) in the Presence of CF3I

1Department of Chemistry, University of Cambridge, Lensfield Road, Cambridge CB2 IEW, UK
2Departamento de Quimica Fisica, Universidad del Pais Vasco, Apartado 644, Bilbao 48080, Spain

Received 11 February 1995

Copyright © 1995 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

A time-resolved investigation is presented of the electronic energy distribution in SrI following the collision of the optically metastable strontium atom, Sr [5s5p(3PJ)], with the molecule CF3I. Sr[5s5p(3PJ)], 1.807 eV above its 5s2(1S0) electronic ground state, was generated by pulsed dye-laser excitation of ground state strontium vapour to the Sr(53P1) state at , λ =689.3 nm {Sr(53P1←51S0)} at elevated temperature (840 K) in the presence of excess helium buffer gas in which rapid Boltzmann equilibration within the 53PJ spin-orbit manifold takes place. Time resolved atomic emission from Sr(53P1→51S0) at the resonance transition and the molecular chemiluminescence from SrI(A21,2,3/2,B2+→X2+) resulting from reaction of the excited atom with CF3I were recorded and shown to be exponential in character. SrI in the A21/2,3/2 (172.5, 175.4 kJ mol-1) and B2+ (177.3 kJ mol-1) states are energetically accessible on collision by direct-I-atomic abstraction between Sr(3P) and CF3I. The first-order decay coefficients for the atomic and molecular emissions are found to be equal under identical conditions and hence SrI(A21/2,3/2, B2+) are shown to arise from direct I- atom abstraction reactions. The molecular systems recorded were SrI (A21/2→X2+, Δv=0, λ=694 nm), SrI(A23/2→X2+, Δv=0, λ=677 nm) and SrI(B2+→X2+) (Δv=0, λ=674 nm), dominated by the Δv=0 sequences on account of Franck-Condon considerations. The combination of integrated m61ecular and atomic intensity measurements yields estimates of the branching ratios into the specific electronic states, A1/2, A3/2 and B, arising from Sr(53PJ)+CF3I which are found to be as follows: A1/2,1.2 × 10-2; A3/2, 6.7 × 10-3; B, 5.1 × 10-3 yielding ∑SrI(A1/2+A3/2+B)=2.4 × 10-2. As only the X, A and B states SrI are accessible on reaction, assuming that the removal of Sr(53PJ) occurs totally by chemical removal, this yields an upper limit for the branching ratio into the ground state of ca. 98%. The present results are compared with previous time-resolved measurements on excited states of strontium halides that we have reported on various halogenated species resulting from reactions of Sr(53PJ), together with analogous chemiluminescence studies on Sr(3PJ) and Ca(43PJ) from molecular beam measurements.