Table of Contents
Laser Chemistry
Volume 19 (1999), Issue 1-4, Pages 245-251

Excited States and Intermediates by Time-Resolved Infrared Spectroscopy

School of Chemistry, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2RD, United Kingdom

Received 20 April 1997

Copyright © 1999 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


For coordination compounds containing CO or CN groups, fast time-resolved infrared spectroscopy (TRIR) provides a convenient method of probing excited states and intermediates. TRIR has proved particularly powerful for probing the structure and kinetics of organometallic intermediates. The interpretation is particularly straightforward when combined with IR data from matrix isolation experiments, although there can be some subtle differences. In excited state studies, shifts in ν(CO) and ν(CN) frequencies, from ground to excited state, are sensitive to the changes in electron distribution on excitation, thus allowing the distinction between charge-transfer and non-charge-transfer transitions. Subtle effects on excited state ν(CO) band positions occur with change from fluid to rigid solvent-“infrared rigidochromism”. There is often a change in ν(CO) band width on excitation; this can be interpreted in terms of specific interactions between the excited species and the solvent. This paper presents some of our recent work in this area.