Table of Contents
Metal-Based Drugs
Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 141-145
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/MBD.2000.141

Preparation and Crystal Structure of a Rhenium Analogue of the Cationic Renal Agent, Tc-99m Diaminocyclohexane

1Department of Chemistry, Emory University, Atlanta 30322, GA, USA
2Department of Radiology, Emory University, Atlanta 30322, GA, USA
3Department of Chemistry, University of Rochester, 14627, NY, USA

Received 5 May 2000; Accepted 23 May 2000

Copyright © 2000 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

We report here a chemical study on a Re analogue of one of the few cationic Tc-99m tracers previously investigated as an agent for effective renal plasma flow (ERPF) measurement. Cationic Tc-99m tracers have the potential for overcoming problems associated with common anionic Tc-99m tracers in patients who have developed a uremic state. The Tc-99m-DACH tracer, prepared from 1,2-diaminocyclohexane (1,2-DACH), is the only cationic renal agent tested in humans and has seven possible isomers. The complex isolated from the reaction of the racemic mixture, (±)-trans-1,2-DACH, and ReIO2(PPh3)2 after conversion to the BPh4- salt was found by X-ray crystallography to be the meso isomer, trans-[ReO2 (trans-R,R-1,2-DACH)(trans-S,S-l,2-DACH)][BPh4]·MeOH·2H2O (1). The structural parameters for 1 are normal. The complex is highly symmetrical, suggesting that the analogous meso Tc-99m-DACH agent is also symmetrical. Studies of other Tc-99m-DACH agents that were made from cis-1,2-DACH or individual trans-1,2-DACH enantiomers show that the biodistribution is not very dependent on the starting 1,2-DACH ligand stereochemistry; these agents must be less symmetrical than the meso Tc-99m-DACH agent analogue of 1. Thus, the overall charge and lipophilicity (similar for all Tc-99m-DACH isomers) exert a greater influence on biodistribution than the specific structural features of the different Tc-99m-DACH isomers.