Table of Contents
Metal-Based Drugs
Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 125-136

Interaction of Ruthenium(II)-dipyridophenazine Complexes with CT-DNA: Effects of the Polythioether Ancillary Ligands

1Department of Chemistry, University of Aveiro, Campus Universitário de Santiago, Aveiro 3810-193, Portugal
2Department of Chemistry, The University. Whiteknights, Reading, RG6 6AD, United Kingdom

Received 28 May 2001; Accepted 18 June 2001

Copyright © 2001 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The complexes [Ru([9]aneS3)(dppz)Cl]Cl 1 and [Ru([12]aneS4)(dppz)]Cl2,2 ([9]aneS3 = 1,4,7- trithiaciclononane and [12]aneS4 = 1,4,7,10-tetrathiaciclododecane) were synthesised and fully characterised . These complexes belong to a small family of dipyridophenazine complexes with non-polypyridyl ancillary ligands . Interaction studies of these complexes with CT-DNA (UV/Vis titrations, steady-state emission and thermal denaturation) revealed their high affinity for DNA . Intercalation constants determined by UV/Vis titrations are of the same order of magnitude (106) as other dppz metallointercalators, namely [Ru(II)(bpy)2dppz]S2+. Differences between l and2 were identified by steady-state emission and thermal denaturation studies . Emission results are in accordance with structural data, which indicate how geometric distortions and different donor and/or acceptor ligand abilities affect luminescence . The possibility of noncovalent interactions between ancillary ligands and nucleobases by van der Waals contacts and H-bridges is discussed . Furthermore, complex l undergoes aquation under intra-cellular conditions and an equilibrium with the aquated form l' is attained . This behaviour may increase the diversity of available interaction modes.