Table of Contents
Metal-Based Drugs
Volume 2008, Article ID 754358, 7 pages
Research Article

Synthesis and Cytotoxicity Studies of Titanocene C Analogues

Conway Institute of Biomolecular and Biomedical Research, The UCD School of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Centre for Synthesis and Chemical Biology (CSCB), University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland

Received 12 June 2007; Accepted 23 July 2007

Academic Editor: Jannie C. Swarts

Copyright © 2008 Megan Hogan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


From the carbolithiation of 6-N,N-dimethylamino fulvene (3) and 2,4[bis(N,N-dimethylamino)methyl]-N-methylpyrrolyl lithium (2a), N-(N,N-dimethylaminomethyl)benzimidazolyl lithium (2b)' or p-(N,N-dimethylamino)methylphenyl lithium (2c), the corresponding lithium cyclopentadienide intermediate (4a–c) was formed. These three lithiated intermediates underwent a transmetallation reaction with TiCl4' resulting in N,N-dimethylamino-functionalised titanocenes 5a–c. When these titanocenes were tested against a pig kidney epithelial cell line (LLC-PK), the IC50 values obtained were of 23, and 52 μM for titanocenes 5a and 5b, respectively. The most cytotoxic titanocene in this paper, 5c with an IC50 value of 13 μM, was found to be approximately two times less cytotoxic than its analogue Titanocene C (IC50=5.5μM) and almost four times less cytotoxic than cisplatin, which showed an IC50 value of 3.3 μM when tested on the LLC-PK cell line.