Research Article

In Vitro Antiplasmodial Activity and Cytotoxicity of Extracts of Selected Medicinal Plants Used by Traditional Healers of Western Cameroon

Table 1

Plant parts used and their extraction yields.

No.Scientific name (Family)Local name (Locality)Part usedSolventExtraction yield (% w/w)

1Cuviera longiflora (Rubiaceae)NDLeavesCH2Cl2/MeOH (1 : 1)1.40

2Dacryodes edulis (Burseraceae)Zo’o (Batcham)LeavesCH2Cl2/MeOH (1 : 1)1.68

3Eucalyptus globules (Myrtaceae)Klatusse (Batcham)LeavesCH2Cl2/MeOH (1 : 1)2.02

4Whole planCH2Cl20.86
Kotschya speciosa (Leguminoceae)NDAerial partHexane0.52
Aerial partCH2Cl20.64

5Coula edulis (Olacaceae)Walnut (Batcham)Stem barkMeOH0.78

6Vernonia amygdalina (Asteraceae)Bitter leaf (Batcham)LeavesCH2Cl21.75
Root barkCH2Cl21.85

7Vismia guinensis (Asteraceae)NDStem barkCH2Cl2
CH2Cl2/MeOH (1 : 1)

CH2Cl2/MeOH (1 : 1): methylene chloride/methanol mixture (1 : 1); CH2Cl2: methylene chloride; MeOH: methanol; %w/w: percentage weight/Weight; ND: not determined.