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Malaria Research and Treatment
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 765125, 12 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.4061/2011/765125
Research Article

Malaria Knowledge, Concern, Land Management, and Protection Practices among Land Owners and/or Managers in Lowland versus Highland Ecuador

Department of Biological Sciences, Brock University, 500 Glenridge Avenue, St. Catharines, ON, L2S 3A1, Canada

Received 30 June 2011; Revised 27 November 2011; Accepted 21 December 2011

Academic Editor: Polrat Wilairatana

Copyright © 2011 Lauren L. Pinault and Fiona F. Hunter. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

To control malaria effectively, it is essential to understand the current knowledge, beliefs, concerns, land management practices, and mosquito bite protection methods in use by citizens. This study presents a comparative, quantitative, interview-based study of land owners and/or managers ( 𝑛 = 2 6 2 ) in the Ecuadorian lowlands (presently considered malarious) ( 𝑛 = 1 3 1 ) and highlands (potentially malarious in the future) ( 𝑛 = 1 3 1 ). Although respondents had a strong understanding of where the disease occurs in their own country and of the basic relationship among standing water, mosquitoes, and malaria, about half of respondents in potential risk areas denied the current possibility of malaria infection on their own property. As well, about half of respondents with potential anopheline larval habitat did not report its presence, likely due to a highly specific definition of suitable mosquito habitat. Most respondents who are considered at risk of malaria currently use at least one type of mosquito bite prevention, most commonly bed nets.