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Malaria Research and Treatment
Volume 2014, Article ID 304361, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/304361
Research Article

Sociodemographic Determinants of Malaria among Under-Five Children in Ghana

1Department of Population and Behavioural Sciences, School of Public Health, University of Health and Allied Sciences, Hohoe, Ghana
2Department of Population and Health, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast, Ghana

Received 18 September 2014; Revised 24 November 2014; Accepted 28 November 2014; Published 14 December 2014

Academic Editor: Polrat Wilairatana

Copyright © 2014 Samuel Harrenson Nyarko and Anastasia Cobblah. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Malaria is an entrenched global health challenge particularly in the sub-Saharan African countries. However, in Ghana, little is known about the determinants of malaria prevalence among under-five children. As such, this study sought to examine the sociodemographic factors that determine malaria among under-five children in Ghana. Methods. This paper used secondary data drawn from the 2008 Ghana Demographic and Health Survey. Bivariate analysis and complementary log-log regression models were used to examine the determinants of malaria prevalence among under-five children in Ghana for the study period. Results. The results therefore revealed that region of residence, age of child, and ownership of mosquito net were the key predictors of malaria cases among under-five children in Ghana for the five-year period preceding the survey. Conclusion. It is therefore imperative that special education on prevention of malaria should be intensified by the National Malaria Control Programme in all the regions in order to reduce malaria prevalence particularly among under-five children in Ghana.