Table 2: Complementary log-log regression model on sociodemographic determinants of malaria.

VariablesModel 1Model 2Model 3Model 4

Mother’s level of education
 No education (ref.)1.001.001.001.00
 Primary1.1971.2031.2121.279
 Secondary1.0921.1141.0811.152
 Higher0.9071.1471.1161.293
Religious affiliation
 Christian (ref.)1.001.001.001.00
 Muslim1.2411.2631.2271.341
 Traditionalist/spiritualist1.0601.0701.0431.080
Ethnicity
 Akan (ref.)1.001.001.00 1.00
 Ga-Dangme0.7170.7371.0281.037
 Ewe0.654*0.652*0.7730.782
 Mole-Dagbani1.0751.0911.1001.163
 Others1.0441.0761.0961.114
Mother’s marital status
 Never married (ref.)1.001.001.001.00
 Married1.480*1.4311.4531.429
Wealth status
 Poor (ref.)1.001.001.00
 Middle1.1261.1611.240
 Rich0.6720.8270.914
Region of residence
 Western (ref.)1.001.00
 Central2.865***3.129***
 Greater Accra1.3381.451
 Volta2.049*2.218*
 Eastern1.6391.712
 Ashanti2.529***2.992***
 Brong Ahafo2.922***2.992***
 Northern2.371**2.412**
 Upper East2.262**2.325**
 Upper West1.993*2.080*
Type of place of residence
 Urban (ref.)1.001.00
 Rural1.0151.115
Age of mother
 15–19 (ref.)1.00
 20–290.929
 30–390.976
 40–490.993
Age of child
 >12 (ref.)1.00
 12–232.514***
 24–352.958***
 36–473.627**
 48–593.480*
Sex of child
 Male (ref.)1.00
 Female0.915
Ownership of mosquito net
 No (ref.)1.00
 Yes0.694*

Source: computed from GDHS, 2008; ref.: reference category; *, **, and ***.