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Malaria Research and Treatment
Volume 2015, Article ID 620598, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/620598
Review Article

Analysis of Trend of Malaria Prevalence in the Ten Asian Countries from 2006 to 2011: A Longitudinal Study

1Population Council, House No. 15B, Road No. 13, Gulshan, Dhaka 1212, Bangladesh
2Department of Social Work, Masters Student, Government Bangla College, Mirpur 1, Dhaka 1216, Bangladesh

Received 14 September 2015; Revised 11 November 2015; Accepted 12 November 2015

Academic Editor: Polrat Wilairatana

Copyright © 2015 Shongkour Roy and Tanjina Khatun. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. To control the malaria mortality, the global and national communities have worked together and produced impressive results in the world. Some of the Asian counties’ malaria mortality rate is more compared to countries with high health facilities around the world. This paper’s main aim is to describe trend of malaria cases and mortality in 10 Asian countries using the World Health Organization data. Methods. Malaria mortality data was collected systematically from WHO and UN database for the period 2006–2011. We estimated malaria mortality by age and countries. We also explored the dynamic relationships among malaria death rate, total populations, and geographical region using a map. During 2006–2011, the average malaria death per 10,000 population of all ages was 0.239 (95% CI 0.104 to 0.373), of children aged less than 5 year 1.143 (0.598 to 1.687), and of age greater than 5 years 0.089 (0.043 to 0.137) in Asian countries. Malaria prevalence per 10,000 populations steadily decreased from 486.7 in 2006 to 298.9 in 2011. Conclusion. The findings show that malaria mortality is higher for children aged less than 5 years compared with with adults selected in Asian countries except Sri Lanka.