Table of Contents Author Guidelines
Neuroscience Journal
Volume 2019, Article ID 2782146, 6 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2019/2782146
Research Article

Patterns, Types, and Outcomes of Head Injury in Aseer Region, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

1Neurosurgery Section, Department of Surgery, King Khalid University, Aseer Central Hospital, Abha, Saudi Arabia
2Department of Surgery, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence should be addressed to Ibrahim Alnaami; moc.liamg@imaanlai

Received 25 November 2018; Revised 30 January 2019; Accepted 19 February 2019; Published 7 March 2019

Academic Editor: Michael Ryan Hunsaker

Copyright © 2019 Ibrahim Alnaami et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Head injuries contribute to almost 50% of all injuries. Head injuries are still one of the major causes of loss of life and loss of function among young adults. Nowadays, head injury has become a major community problem. Recently, head injury has become one of the biggest issues of almost more than 57 million people in the whole world living with the neurological problem raised by TBI, in which 10 million people require hospital base care. Objectives. To determine the epidemiological aspects of patients with head injury (HI) in Aseer Central Hospital (ACH). Materials and Methods. This is a retrospective cross-sectional study. Data were gathered from patients’ files and the registrar’s database of ACH. The study duration was January 2015–December 2017. All patients with head injury admitted to ACH during the study duration were included in the study. SPSS software was used for analysis. Descriptive statistics were obtained (mean SD frequencies, percentages). Statistical tests, t test, and chi-squared test were applied to measure the significant difference among the variables. P-value less than 0.05 was considered as a significant difference. Results. There were 353 patients with head injury, and the mean ± SD of age was 27.01 ± 13.9. Motor vehicle accidents (MVA) accounted for (89.3%) of head injury. A total of 87.3% of the patients were male while 12.7% were female. Conclusion. In this study, we observed that MVA is the leading cause of brain/head injuries in the KSA, despite the implementations of new speed rules. However, with new regulations of forbidding cell phone use while driving and forcing the seat belt regulations, a major impact on these numbers is expected in the future. Thus, a future study is recommended to assess these expectations.