Table of Contents
SRX Physics
Volume 2010 (2010), Article ID 736039, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.3814/2010/736039
Research Article

Mixed Convection Boundary Layer Flow from a Solid Sphere with Newtonian Heating in a Micropolar Fluid

1Faculty of Industrial Science and Technology, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Lebuhraya Tun Razak, 26300 UMP Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia
2School of Mathematical Sciences, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia
3Faculty of Mathematics, University of Cluj, CP 253 3400 Cluj, Romania

Received 27 September 2009; Revised 2 December 2009; Accepted 28 December 2009

Copyright © 2010 M. Z. Salleh et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The steady mixed convection boundary layer flow from a solid sphere in a micropolar fluid, generated by Newtonian heating in which the heat transfer from the surface is proportional to the local surface temperature, is considered. The governing boundary layer equations are first transformed into a system of nondimensional equations via the non-dimensional variables, and then into nonsimilar equations before they are solved numerically using an implicit finite-difference scheme known as the Keller-box method. Numerical solutions are obtained for the skin friction coefficient, wall temperature and heat transfer coefficient, as well as the velocity and temperature profiles with several parameters considered, namely the mixed convection parameter, the material or micropolar parameter, and the Prandtl number.